How to create an image file from a base64 string on the device with Cordova


Convert a base64 to a file with Javascript and Cordova is more easier than you think. However, you can't directly use the cordova-plugin-file to write your string into a file because it is not supported. But it accepts binary data, and that's the way in which we are going to save our image. To create a image file from a base64 string, we'll convert it into a Blob using a non-conventional method.

Requirements

As we are handling files, you need to have the cordova-file-plugin in your project. To install this plugin use :

cordova plugin add cordova-plugin-file

If you don't know anything about this plugin, read more about how it works in the official repository here.

Implementation

To convert a base64 string into a image file, we are going to require the following 2 methods.

/**
 * Convert a base64 string in a Blob according to the data and contentType.
 * 
 * @param b64Data {String} Pure base64 string without contentType
 * @param contentType {String} the content type of the file i.e (image/jpeg - image/png - text/plain)
 * @param sliceSize {Int} SliceSize to process the byteCharacters
 * @see http://stackoverflow.com/questions/16245767/creating-a-blob-from-a-base64-string-in-javascript
 * @return Blob
 */
function b64toBlob(b64Data, contentType, sliceSize) {
        contentType = contentType || '';
        sliceSize = sliceSize || 512;

        var byteCharacters = atob(b64Data);
        var byteArrays = [];

        for (var offset = 0; offset < byteCharacters.length; offset += sliceSize) {
            var slice = byteCharacters.slice(offset, offset + sliceSize);

            var byteNumbers = new Array(slice.length);
            for (var i = 0; i < slice.length; i++) {
                byteNumbers[i] = slice.charCodeAt(i);
            }

            var byteArray = new Uint8Array(byteNumbers);

            byteArrays.push(byteArray);
        }

      var blob = new Blob(byteArrays, {type: contentType});
      return blob;
}

/**
 * Create a Image file according to its database64 content only.
 * 
 * @param folderpath {String} The folder where the file will be created
 * @param filename {String} The name of the file that will be created
 * @param content {Base64 String} Important : The content can't contain the following string (data:image/png[or any other format];base64,). Only the base64 string is expected.
 */
function savebase64AsImageFile(folderpath,filename,content,contentType){
    // Convert the base64 string in a Blob
    var DataBlob = b64toBlob(content,contentType);
    
    console.log("Starting to write the file :3");
    
    window.resolveLocalFileSystemURL(folderpath, function(dir) {
        console.log("Access to the directory granted succesfully");
		dir.getFile(filename, {create:true}, function(file) {
            console.log("File created succesfully.");
            file.createWriter(function(fileWriter) {
                console.log("Writing content to file");
                fileWriter.write(DataBlob);
            }, function(){
                alert('Unable to save file in path '+ folderpath);
            });
		});
    });
}

The cordova file writer provided by the cordova-file-plugin doesn't support write files with base64, therefore we are going to use a little trick. The base64 string will be processed and converted into a writable Blob.

Using savebase64AsImageFile method

The method is well explained in the snippet, to test it you can test the following code in your project, it should create the following image in your root directory.

Base64 to image file in cordova

// Remember to execute this after the onDeviceReady event

// If your base64 string contains "data:image/png;base64,"" at the beginning, keep reading.
var myBase64 = "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";
// To define the type of the Blob
var contentType = "image/png";
// if cordova.file is not available use instead :
// var folderpath = "file:///storage/emulated/0/";
var folderpath = cordova.file.externalRootDirectory;
var filename = "ourcodeworld.png";

savebase64AsImageFile(folderpath,filename,myBase64,contentType);

According to your case and base64 image format you can have 2 types of base64 strings :

// This type is common when using toDataUrl() on a canvas.
var type1 = "data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAkYAAAD.................";
// The plain base64 content of a file, maybe retrieven from a server ?
var type2 = "iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAkYAAAD.................";

Saving base64 type 1

As this string already contains the content type that requires the function, we only need to process the string and retrieve in different variables the content and the content type (image/png or image/jpeg etc).

/** Process the type1 base64 string **/
var myBaseString = "data:image/png;base64,iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAAkYAAA.....";

// Split the base64 string in data and contentType
var block = myBaseString.split(";");
// Get the content type
var dataType = block[0].split(":")[1];// In this case "image/png"
// get the real base64 content of the file
var realData = block[1].split(",")[1];// In this case "iVBORw0KGg...."

// The path where the file will be created
var folderpath = "file:///storage/emulated/0/";
// The name of your file, note that you need to know if is .png,.jpeg etc
var filename = "myimage.png";

savebase64AsImageFile(folderpath,filename,realData,dataType);

Saving base64 type 2

With this format, you need to find out by yourself the content type of the base64 because we have only the data.

// The base64 content
var myBase64 = "iVBORw0KGgoAAAANSUhEUgAAANIAAAD......";
// To define the type of the Blob, you need to get this value by yourself (maybe according to the file extension)
var contentType = "image/png";
// The path where the file will be saved
var folderpath = "file:///storage/emulated/0/";
// The name of your file
var filename = "myphoto.png";

savebase64AsImageFile(folderpath,filename,myBase64,contentType);

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